With Mexican households spending around US $ 1.4 billion on poultry in 2020, chicken meat, eggs, and egg products remain the most popular and affordable animal proteins.
Mexico’s poultry sector produces a variety of broilers for meat production, including smaller broilers for rotisseries, chicken for processing into poultry cuts and processed meat or ready-to-cook products, and whole chickens. The production cycles for each type vary between 8 to 12 weeks depending on the market weight.
Chicken remains the most consumed meat in Mexico, accounting for almost 60% of total meat consumption. Photo: Freepik
Chicken production is expected to increase to 875,000 mt in 2022, up 1.7% from 2021, due to growing domestic demand, greater pricing power in the domestic market with the expiration of long-standing tariff quota allocations and relatively less volatile feed costs.
Roast chickens represent about 37% of total consumption.
Chicken consumption is predicted to reach 4,767 mmt in 2022, up about 2% from 2021. Although the average Mexican consumer consumes less animal protein, among high and middle income consumers, including among tourists, overall consumer demand for chicken is increasing, and remains the most consumed meat in Mexico, accounting for nearly 60% of total meat consumption.
Poultry imports for further processing
Imports account for about 18% of total national chicken meat consumption in Mexico, and chilled thigh quarters and mechanically boneless chicken from the United States account for almost half of all imports. Frozen breasts, wings and thighs are also imported from Brazil. Companies that further process poultry for use in products such as sausages, hams and cold cuts are a major source of import demand.
Chicken imports in 2022 are forecast to reach 875,000 mt, up nearly 2% from 2021 due to the growing demand for chicken meat for further processing into processed meat.
American Request for Chicken Ready to Reheat / Eat
In 2022, chicken exports are forecast to increase by nearly 17% to 8,000 mt due to strong US demand for heat-treated ready-to-eat and ready-to-cook products. Mexican processors are slowly increasing exports of these products.
Meanwhile, Mexican animal health authorities plan to resume negotiations with China to gain recognition of avian flu-free areas in 2022, seeking new access to the Chinese market.
Mexican consumers generally prefer chicken and pork to turkey. However, as more Mexicans take an interest in American traditions, roast turkey is also a popular seasonal dish to celebrate Christmas or New Years.
The consumption of turkey meat in 2022 is expected to remain unchanged (181,000 mt) compared to 2021, largely limited to turkey meat for further processing into processed meat products. Turkey production in 2022 is expected to fall to 17,000 mt, down about 5.5% from 2021 as producers replace turkey production with higher margin chicken production. High input costs, longer production runs and limited government incentives continue to push turkey producers to turn to chicken production.
Managing heat stress in poultry
Rising global temperatures, and the undeniable fact that modern, highly productive poultry breeds are more prone to heat stress, pose a challenge for the industry. Fortunately, innovative plant-based nutritional solutions now offer the possibility of stabilizing the performance of broilers and layers in hot weather. Read more…
Mexico relies heavily on imports to meet domestic demand for turkeys. Turkey’s imports in 2022 are expected to reach 155,000 mt, up nearly 2% from 2021. Exports are expected to fall to 1,300 mt in 2022, down 13% from 2021 due to strong demand domestic supply and the decline in exportable supplies.
Mexico leads egg consumption
Mexico remains the world’s largest consumer of eggs and egg products, and demand for eggs and egg products will also increase as consumers respond to rising meat prices. Egg consumption in 2022 is expected to reach 25.23 kg per capita, up 3% from 2021 on the basis of strong demand for affordable protein. Egg production is expected to reach 3.19 million tonnes, up 3% from 2021, driven by continued growth in domestic demand, improved genetics of laying hens and investments in breeding. egg production technology and management practices.
About 77% of Mexican shell eggs are sold through the wholesale channel in traditional and central wholesale markets. Another 15% of shell eggs are sold to retail channels, and 8% are intended for further processing into egg products in the industrial circuit.
Egg imports in 2022 are expected to increase by less than 1% to 95,500 mt from 2021, with domestic production partly replacing imports. Meanwhile, exports of eggs and egg products are forecast to recover to 120 mt, up 50% from 2021, but still significantly below pre-Covid pandemic levels. -19.
This article has been compiled from information extracted from a USDA GAINS report.