CBOT vs CME: what’s the difference?
The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) have their roots in Chicago in the 19th century, where each started as a non-profit marketplace for agricultural transactions. Although the two shared many historical developments, they focused on different investments and operated in different ways until their merger into the CME group, which also includes NYMEX and COMEX as part of its operations. four designated contract markets.
The merger between the two exchanges took place in 2006 as part of a decision approved by the shareholders of both organizations. Until this merger, they used significantly different rules, regulations, market offerings and trading engines.
Key points to remember
- The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) are both futures exchanges that were founded in Chicago in the 19th century.
- The two focused on different investments and operated in different formats until their merger in 2006, becoming the CME group.
- CBOT was traditionally an agricultural futures market, before adding financial futures in the 1970s.
- Today, the CBOT also offers trading in precious metals, government debt and energy stocks.
- The CME was originally known as the Chicago Butter and Egg Board, launching its first futures contracts in the early 1960s with frozen pork belly.
- Today, the CME offers to trade currency futures, currencies, stock indexes, interest rate futures and agricultural commodities.
The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT)
The Chicago Board of Trade is the world’s oldest futures and options exchange. Founded in 1848 as a trading floor for grain merchants in Chicago,in 1859, the CBOT received a charter from the Illinois state legislature and became a major agricultural futures market.
In fact, the concept of trading futures on a “futures market” may have originated at CBOT in the 1860s. This investment hub also helped popularize “open auction” floors; traders gathered in the octagon shaped “pits” to literally shout (or gesture) to bid on stocks or futures in a public setting, thus helping to fix the stock markets. Open auction trading was replaced at CBOT in 1994 by an electronic ordering system.
After more than 125 years of trading exclusively in agricultural commodities, financial contracts were added to the Chicago Board of Trade in 1975. Financial futures followed in 1982, then options futures in 1997. The CBOT is a popular exchange for trading in a variety of instruments, including precious metals, government securities, and energy stocks.
The CBOT was reorganized in 2005 and made an initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange under the name Chicago Board of Trust Holdings Inc.
The CME is larger than the CBOT. It is the largest futures and options exchange in the United States and the second largest in the world. Worldwide, the Indian National Stock Exchange in Mumbai is larger than the CME in terms of trading volume.
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange was founded in 1898 as the “Chicago Butter and Egg Board” before changing its name in 1919. It is the second largest futures and options exchange in the world and the largest. largest in the United States.The stock exchange is perhaps most notable for being the first financial exchange to “demutualize” and become a publicly traded company owned by its shareholders in 2000.
CME launched its first futures contracts in 1961 on frozen pork belly. Larger contract launches include financial futures and currency contracts in 1969 and the first interest rate futures in 1972.
The CME is now a designated self-regulatory organization or DSRO, and it holds regulatory / audit authority over its many subsidiaries.Popular investments traded at CME include currency futures, currencies, stock indexes, interest rate futures, and agricultural commodities.
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange, sometimes referred to as the Merc, has both public prosecutors and an electronic trading platform called GLOBEX, where more than 70% of its transactions take place.