(MENAFN – Daily Outlook Afghanistan) Unfortunately, the chaos of the free market still puts pressure on people during Eid days, New Years Day, Ramadan month, winter season and other events . Now, on the eve of the holy month of Ramadan, the Afghan people expect such condition and therefore try to buy things before the entry of the holy month, but the families who cannot afford to buy in advance are concerned about the rise in prices in the free market which has felt its first effects. for example, a few days ago the price of a kg of chicken meat was less than 200 Af, but now it has become around 240 / 50af. As a result, the price of cooking oil has also increased as the holy month of Ramadan approaches.
Although the month of Ramadan is the month of blessings, forgiveness, kindness, fellowship and the love of mankind, people are also under pressure by the acceleration of war and conflict in the country.
This shows that the soul and content of Islamic teaching has died in our society and that we have simply clung to the apparent stratum of Islam with the usual practice of the apparent symbol of Islam. As stated, the month of Ramadan is the month of forgiveness, kindness, brotherhood and therefore national traders are expected to help people, not pressurize them further. If we cannot help people in difficult times, we must not deprive them of food in order to survive. Unfortunately, contrary to all these expectations and values, the monopoly groups of the free market and also the terrorist groups are increasing their oppression in the country.
The disorder of the free market also shows the indifference of the government to this problem. In fact, the disorder of the free market is not a new problem in Afghanistan.
Almost ten years ago it inflicted its first blow with a sharp increase in the price of commodities in the country but at that time it was justified by various errors such as the tide of the global economic crisis, as ‘after the global economic crisis, problem has not been solved in the country. The upward trend in prices has continued unabated as the incomes of those receiving fixed wages have not been sufficiently altered.
For example, ten years ago the price of a kg of liquid gas was around 35 Afs in the Kabul market, but now it is around 60 Afs. The price of 50 kg of flour was around 900 Af, but now it is around 1800 Af. The price of 16 kg of cooking oil was around 900 but today it is around 1700 Af. The price of 30 eggs was around 120 Af, but now it is around 250 Af.
The next blow to the free market was felt during the first wave of the corona virus in Afghanistan.
After the identification of the first positive case of the corona virus in the country, the prices of hygiene and food products have risen sharply and even some of the prices have not yet recovered.
As a result, many people have been deprived of their basic needs, making the poor poorer and the rich richer. As a result, social crimes, the level of poverty and the distances between classes have steadily increased in the country. Despite these numerous anarchies, no legal mechanism has been created to ensure the stability of the free market and restore justice to the market.
Unlike other countries, the richest and the capital of the richest have not had a positive impact on society. Instead of playing a productive role or creating jobs, they built skyscrapers to promote the rental economy or went out of their way to export shoddy goods from foreign countries. With the passage of each moment, the number of the population increases but the number of jobs and economic productivity are not. According to the latest systematic report, 72% of Afghans were below the poverty line.
As an immediate solution, the respective institutions must ensure that all people have equal access to sufficient necessary food during the month of Ramadan. In this step, the government should set up a specific unit to regularly supervise the free market system, as the abuses of the free market system have been repeated frequently in Afghanistan and therefore the government must be regularly monitored by the free market.
Meanwhile, the population should also be coordinated with the government. As soon as the people and the respective units feel signs of oppressive behavior in the market, it should immediately interfere.
As a long-term solution, we must not repeat the mistakes we made in Afghanistan after Bonn. Since the recognition of the free market system until now, it puts pressure on people in one way or another. Therefore, we have to understand that the invisible hand of Adam Smith is being manipulated by the invisible hands of loan sharks through the establishment of oppressive cartels and trusts. Unfortunately, Adam Smith did not consider that humans by using their rational power are capable of manipulating the natural tendency of the free market.
Today there is no absolute free market system in the world. Modern world economic systems are combined with socialism, communism, mercantilism, defense mercantilism and also liberalism. Historical experiences show that a lonely system is neither successful nor practicable in today’s politicized world. It also means that any black and white interpretation market system produces either indifference or extravagance. Today, the most liberal countries of the world like the European countries offer a minimum of social welfare to all. Although their formal system is largely based on liberalism and a free market system, they are vigilant to prevent any abuse that might be caused by a free market system or optimistic views.
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